Post-doctoral Positions at LabEx DynamiTe
In 2017, LabEx Dynamite opens a call for applications for three post-doctoral contracts (1 year):
“Rationales and stakeholders in the retraction of hospital care services in France”
France has recently restructured its service infrastructure, reducing its presence in some areas, as part of the implementation of the General Revision of Public Policies (2007), and the Modernization of Public Action (2012). This movement of rationalizing and redeploying the map of public services focuses in particular on hospital services (Delas, 2011; Vigneron, 2011; Subra, 2014) with a reduction of the presence of care in the area. This evolution, which has not yet been documented with precision over a long period, seems to reveal a more general movement of withdrawal of public services in the system of French cities.
Issues and hypotheses
How is the retreat of hospital services within France organized and what implications does this have for local areas? What hospital services (private and public, maternity care, medicine, surgery, ER) are concerned? What cities and regions are affected? Does this retreat threaten the economic footing of the territories where it is occurring and is it threatening equality in access to health care? What rationales explain it?
Mixed, quantitative and qualitative methods
The aim will be to complete a longitudinal database on care establishments made up from FINESS records for the 1997-2015 period and construct retreat indicators to test the factors explaining this retreat.
A qualitative survey aiming to shed light on the rationales that underlie the retreat process and how stakeholders react to it will be conducted in a city where care service retreat has happened.
Innovative aspects of the project
The construction of a longitudinal database over a long period of time and the elaboration of retreat indicators make up the innovative aspects of the project.
Promotion of results
The results will be showcased both academically and among professional stakeholders through the participation in results presentation workshops for the stakeholders that are partners in the project (see below), at the ASRDLF and AAG 2018 symposiums. At least two publications will be submitted to top-tier geography journals.
The post-doctoral position enters into the framework of a research project on the retreat of services and commerce in small and medium cities involving, through its participants, many scientific partners (UMR Géographie-cités, CNAM, ENS of Lyon, CERAMAC, University of Strasbourg, University of Saragosse, University of Paris East).
Two institutional partnerships have also been set up with the Caisse des Dépôts et Consignation (CDC [deposit and consignment office]) and the Commissariat Général à l’Égalité des Territoires (CGET [general commissariat for territorial equality]).
Required skills and abilities
- PhD in geography with a data processing and spatial analysis dimension;
- skills in geo-referenced database construction;
- skills in data processing, analysis and spatial representation: mastery of GIS, SAS, and R software;
- elaboration of status and change indicators;
- qualitative analysis skills, and in particular stakeholder surveys and public policy analysis.
“International circulation and regional integration between the Maghreb and West Africa”
International flows and circulation are crucial signs of regionalization processes. In Southern countries, where regional institutional integration sometimes struggles to become structured, they are good indicators of territorial networking, necessary for the development of a shared trajectory. Circulation of all types depends on infrastructures that, in recent years, between the Maghreb and West Africa, have recorded major modernization efforts (paving the Tangiers-Dakar coastal road, development of seaport and airport hubs in West Africa, etc.). This modernization has made it possible to achieve international standards and facilitated use, de facto integrating them into networks on several scales. This “connection” is indispensible to the regionalization process that we propose to analyze through the subject of “international circulation”.
Offering alternative solutions and arrangements to those that link Europe and Africa, the (new or reactivated) trade circuits between the Maghreb and West Africa have implications for the mobility of people and circulation of goods: new logistical transport needs emerge; people’s mobility practices evolve; new stakeholders attempt to take advantage of emerging liaisons. These same circuits raise the broader question of territories and their evolutions on metropolitan and regional scale: are the relations, trade and mobility (longstanding circulation, mobility over short and long distances), between cities in the corridor modified? Is the Tangiers-Nouakchott-Dakar road creating new stopping places? What links do infrastructures and trading places maintain with territorial transformations (urban landscapes, regional networks)?
All of these aspects should be highlighted and described using empirical and conceptual approaches to the role of circulation and mobility in the regional integration processes and networking of territories and Southern populations.
The person hired will receive support from the SAR-Dyn Métropolisation logistique au Sud [Sar-Dyn metropolization logistics in the South] project, obtained from LabEx in 2016, and from the UMR PRODIG, with the aim of conducting field research. He or she will be part of an active UMR PRODIG team (sous-axe Circulations et Mobilités [circulation and mobility sub-unit]), specializing in regional integration and transport issues.
The post-doctoral fellow will help organize the international symposium slated for 2018 on these issues following on from the publication (last quarter 2017) by Éditions Karthala of a thematic dictionary coordinated by N. MAREÏ and Y. RICHARD.
Required skills and abilities
The candidate must have the ability to combine empirical research in the South and conceptual research through three methodological components:
- collection of flow data on several scales (mobilizing national and international databases), and statistical and cartographic analysis. Mastery of GIS and vector graphics software will be appreciated (QGis, Inkscape);
- semi-structured interviews conducted during one or two field visits whose precise locations and interviewees (transporters, entrepreneurs, traders, users, migrants, public authorities) shall be defined in function of the project of the person hired;
- theoretical approach to the relationship between international circulation, regionalization and metropolization, highlighting the role of the geography of transport sites and trade in urban and regional networking processes.
The candidate must hold a PhD in geography, economy, development, socio-anthropology or political science.
“Anticipating post-disaster revival in the event of a one-hundred-year flood of the Seine River in the Île-de-France metropolis: from systemic diagnostics to operational recommendations”
As part of the elaboration of the Stratégie Locale de Gestion du Risque Inondation (SLGRI [local flood risk management strategy]) for the Île-de-France metropolis, the government authorities must include in their planning the management of the post-crisis period in the event of a major flood of the Seine River. To assist them with this aim, it is necessary to identify the strategic sectors for a post-disaster revival and the resources needed to re-launch activities. This diagnostic work is accomplished through consideration of post-crisis revival time frames (subsiding water levels, pumping, drying, clean up, re-launch, repair, rehabilitation, restoration and reconstruction). The goal is to describe the actions to undertake and priorities to set. Given the nature and density of the stakes, the approach developed falls under a systemic analysis to identify interactions among the key sectors for post-disaster revival. The specific cases of waste and the sanitation network will be studied in depth in order to both test the revival model elaborated and formulate operational recommendations to anticipate post-disaster management. The post-doctoral fellow will enter the Laboratoire de Géographie Physique in team 2 “Dynamiques actuelles des milieux : réponses aux changements environnementaux et risques” [current environmental dynamics: responses to environmental change and risks]; he or she will be co-supervised by Magali REGHEZZA (LGP) and Edwige DUBOS-PAILLARD (Géographie-cités).
Fundamentally multidisciplinary in nature, this research starts from the postulate that management of waste and the sanitation network has consequences on the length of the transition from the emergency period to the start of revival operations. The originality of this work lies in the both fundamental (systemic approach to the post-disaster period) and applied approach, the goal of which is to produce references to assist with decision making in an uncertain situation. The starting point for the post-doctoral fellow’s work will be a global knowledge review that will then be compared to the needs of the Île-de-France region. The objective is to identify blockages and possible levers for action and formulate recommendations. Collaborations are already in place with operational stakeholders (the Defense Zone of the Paris Police Prefecture and the Ile-de-France DRIEE). New partnerships could be established with the EPTB Grands Lacs de Seine, network operators or the City of Paris. Participation in the Stratégie Local de Gestion du Risque Inondation’s (SLGRI [local flood risk management strategy]) waste and sanitation groups, whose work focuses on managing service continuity, is ensured. Partnerships are also envisaged with research teams working on related topics (research underway on risk perception in the Val-de-Marne area at LGP, post-doctoral fellows working on domino effects at LATTS, CEREMA’s RAITAP project).
In the framework of current or future research programs:
- CEREMA (cf. above).
In the Work-Package and in the UMRs:
- Members of the Dynamiques Environnementales et Sociales des Risques [environmental and social risk dynamics] WP;
- LGP: Magali Reghezza, Emmanuèle Gautier, Delphine Grancher;
- Géographie-Cités: Edwige Dubos-Paillard.
With operational stakeholders:
The Defense Zone of the Paris Police Prefecture, the Ile-de-France DRIEE, EPTB Grands Lacs de Seine, network operators, City of Paris, Stratégie Locale de Gestion du Risque Inondation (SLGRI).